20- and 30-Year Yields at Interim Highs
What's New: I've updated the charts below through Today's close. The yield on the 10-year note rose to 2.88%, which is 136 bps above its 1.45% all-time closing low on July 25th of last year and only 10 bps below its interim closing high on September 5th.
The latest Freddie Mac Weekly Primary Mortgage Market Survey, released today, puts the 30-year fixed at 4.46%, 115 bps above its all-time low of 3.31% in late November of last year and only 12 bps below its interim high reported on August 22nd.
The 30-year Treasury closed today at 3.92% and the 20-year at 3.65%. Both are new interim highs since their 2012 troughs.
Here is a snapshot of the 10-year yield and the 30-year fixed mortgage since 2008.
A log-scale snapshot of the 10-year yield offers a more accurate view of the relative change over time. Here is a long look since 1965, starting well before the 1973 Oil Embargo that triggered the era of "stagflation" (economic stagnation with inflation). I've drawn a trendline connecting the interim highs following those stagflationary years. The red line starts with the 1987 closing high on the Friday before the notorious Black Monday market crash. The S&P 500 fell 5.16% that Friday and 20.47% on Black Monday.
Here is a long look back, courtesy of a FRED graph, of the Freddie Mac weekly survey on the 30-year fixed mortgage, which began in May of 1976.
A Perspective on Yields Since 2007
The first chart shows the daily performance of several Treasuries and the Fed Funds Rate (FFR) since 2007. The source for the yields is the Daily Treasury Yield Curve Rates from the US Department of the Treasury and the New York Fed's website for the FFR.
Now let's see the 10-year against the S&P 500 with some notes on Federal Reserve intervention. Fed policy has been a major influence on market behavior.
For a long-term view of weekly Treasury yields, also focusing on the 10-year, see my Treasury Yields in Perspective, which I update on weekends.